The Bible uses several different names for sin:
“She will give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” – Matthew 1:21
The actual meaning of the word “sin” is to miss the mark and be in error. It is like shooting a weapon and missing the target. It is falling short of what you should be and God’s perfect plan for you.
“All these evil things begin inside people, in the mind: evil thoughts, sexual sins, stealing, murder, adultery, greed, evil actions, lying, doing sinful things, jealousy, speaking evil of others, pride, and foolish living.” – Mark 7:21
Evil means bad, worthless, corrupt, wicked, and morally sinful.
“It will be this way at the end of the world. The angels will come and separate the evil people (“wicked” in the KJV) from the good people.” – Matthew 13:49
Wickedness means to have an evil mind set to do mischief. It is a mental disregard for righteousness, justice, truth, and virtue.
“So what was the law for? It was given to show that the wrong things (“transgressions” in the KJV) people do are against God’s will. And it continued until the special descendant, who had been promised, came. The law was given through angels who used Moses for a mediator to give the law to people.” – Galatians 3:19
Transgression means breaking the law. It is like a man stepping across a line over which he has no right to step, invading forbidden territory, and crossing the boundary between right and wrong.
“Doing wrong (“unrighteousness” in the KJV) is always sin…” – 1 John 5:17
This word means injustice, wrong, iniquity, falsehood, and deceitfulness.
“God’s anger is shown from heaven against all the evil and wrong things (“ungodliness” in the KJV) people do. By their own evil lives they hide the truth.” – Romans 1:18
Ungodliness means dishonesty, wickedness, and total disregard of God. It is treating God as if He
did not exist. Ungodliness is not the same as atheism, which believes there is no God.
Ungodliness is knowing there is a God but totally ignoring Him and His laws.
“Then I will tell them clearly, ‘Get away from me, you who do evil (“iniquity” in the KJV). I never knew you.'” – Matthew 7:23
Iniquity means to be lawless, either without the law or violating the law.
“One man disobeyed God, and many became sinners. In the same way, one man obeyed God, and many will be made right.” – Romans 5:19
Disobedience is the opposite of obedience. It means to ignore God and His law.
“In the past you were spiritually dead because of your sins (“trespasses” in the KJV) and the things you did against God.” – Ephesians 2:1
Trespass means to leave the right path and cross the boundary from right into wrong. It is like being on another man’s property where you do not belong.
Just an Introduction…
This chapter is only an introduction to the subject of repentance from dead works. From it, you learned the definition of repentance, the origin of sin, and the names and definitions of sin.
The next chapter continues this discussion of the first principle of the Christian faith, repentance from dead works.